This paper provides guidance on incorporating equity impacts into transportation
planning. It defines various types of equity, discusses ways of evaluating equity, and
describes practical ways of incorporating equity objectives into decision-making. “Equity”
refers to the fairness with which impacts (benefits and costs) are distributed.
Transportation decisions often have significant equity impacts. Transport equity analysis
can be difficult because there are several types of equity, numerous impacts to consider,
various ways to categorize people for analysis, and many ways of measuring impacts.
Equity analysis should usually consider a variety of perspectives and impacts.